“The policy of Russia is changeless … Its methods, its tactics, its maneuvers may change, but the polar star of its policy — world domination — is a fixed star.”
— Karl Marx, 1867
That extraordinary passage by Marx appears in a little-known collection of his writings (as well as those of Friedrich Engels) which was published in 1952 under the title “The Russian Menace to Europe”.
That book aimed to show the fundamental continuity of Russian foreign policy from the tsars through Stalin.
Its editors, Paul W. Blackstock and Bert F. Hoselitz, argued that “the analysis made by Marx and Engels of the external as well as internal polices and socio-political trends of Czarist Russia are fully applicable to similar aspects of Stalinist Russia. The main provisional and final objectives of Russian foreign policy have not been altered …”
It was a bold argument, and one not widely appreciated by the Left during the Cold War. Many leftists believed Russia played a progressive role in international affairs right up until the end.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, it was widely hoped that the predatory foreign policy of the tsars and their Stalinist successors had finally come to an end.
And yet within a few short years, those hopes were to be dashed — first by the barbaric war against Chechnya, and later by Russian aggression directed against Georgia.
The seizure of the Georgian provinces of Abkhazia and South Ossetia were dress rehearsals for the seizure this week of Crimea.
Though few would accept that the Putin regime still dreams of world domination, there can no longer be any question of its dreams regarding the countries of the former USSR — the so-called “near abroad”.
What should be the response of the international Left to the latest Russian aggression, this time targetting democratic Ukraine?
In my view, the slogan “Hands Off Ukraine!” should be embraced by all socialists and democrats but this has not been the case.
In the UK, the Communist Party’s daily newspaper, the Morning Star — which is funded by Britain’s largest union — has enthusiastically supported Russian aggression yet again.
The “Stop the War Coalition” which spearheaded opposition to British involvement in the Afghan and Iraq wars has called on Nato and the USA to back down. Here’s an example of their thinking:
“Vladimir Putin’s troop movements in Crimea, which are supported by most Russians, are of questionable legality under the terms of the peace and friendship treaty that Russia signed with Ukraine in 1997. But their illegality is considerably less clear-cut than that of the US-led invasion of Iraq, or of Afghanistan, where the UN security council only authorised the intervention several weeks after it had happened.”
In other words, Putin may be bad — but Obama is worse.
Putin’s propaganda message has spread far and wide, and is being embraced by people who should know better.
I don’t only mean publicity-hungry and unprincipled fools like George Galloway or Thom Hartmann, who have sold out to get a show on Putin’s “Russia Today” television channel.
There are plenty of people out there who have no sympathy for Putin, but who are buying into the official Russian propaganda line.
The allegation that Nazi bandits have taken control of Kyiv is patently absurd. Even the Jewish leadership in Ukraine has gone out of its way to reassure people that there have been very few anti-Semitic incidents.
Of course there are political forces in Ukraine that are vile, such as Svoboda.
The task of the international Left surely is to oppose them, to support the democratic and progressive elements in Ukraine, first and foremost the independent trade union movement.
Those unions were in the Maidan square from the beginning with their flags and banners and played a key role in the revolution which toppled the rotten and corrupt Yanukovich regime.
If the Ukrainian far-Right is to be defeated, it will be defeated by Ukrainians — not by Russian troops.
Democrats in Russia understand all this, and have protested demanding that their country stop its aggression against Ukraine.
Hundreds have been arrested.
The international Left should be focused on supporting those people, our comrades, in Russia and elsewhere who are challenging Putin.
We should not become apologists for Putin and his cronies, as some on the Left have become.
Our message should be loud and clear:
Hands off Ukraine!
No to Russian aggression!
Solidarity with the Ukrainian revolution!